Different types of acne require different ways to treat them. Here are pictures of the different types of acne, and tips on how to treat them.
Mild acne is generally the type of acne most of us suffer from at some stage. If we treat it early enough, it generally does not develop further.
What does mild acne look like? Mild acne consists of several types of lesions, characterized by comedones, usually on the chin an forehead. Pustules and papules are rare but may be present. There is no inflammation.
How To Treat Mild Acne
Begin treatment with a mild over-the-counter topical product: a wash, cream or gel containing benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid.
Go for gentle facials and extractions done by a qualified therapist. If acne continues, try a low-dose antibiotic product such as clindamycin and benzoyl peroxide.
If acne still persists, seek a prescription-based antibiotic. The alternative may be an oral contraceptive. Change your dietary habits – reduce your intake of sugar and refined carbohydrates. Use stress-reducing techniques such as exercise and massage.
If acne still persists, consult your doctor who will likely prescribe topical retinoids, antibiotics and antibiotic combinations with benzoyl peroxide or zinc.
Acne usually develops because treatment was not administered immediately. Besides comdeones, papules and pustules, moderate acne is also characterized by more painful and deep-rooted lesions. Moderate acne usually requires the attention of a dermatologist to prevent it from worsening.
How To Treat Moderate Acne
Moderate acne treatment may begin with your doctor prescribing a topical agent containing a retinoid, an antibiotic or a combination product. Use a topical wash, cream, lotion or gel containing benzoyl peroxide or azelaic acid, or a topical antibiotic. Oral antibiotics may be prescribed, along with use of a topical retinoid. An oral contraceptive ma be prescribed.
If acne still persists, your GP may refer you to a dermatologist for consideration of oral isotretinoin or Accutane. Reduce your intake of refined carbohydrates and sugar, and find ways to reduce your stress.
3) Severe Acne
Severe acne is characterized by deep-rooted inflammatory lesions, including nodules and cysts, which are painful and may cause scarring. If the inflammation is deep and severe or the spot is squeezed, it may burst inside the skin’s tissue and spread inflammation, causing swelling and pain.
The face and sometimes the body can be covered in painful lesions. It can lead to psychological problems, including depression and loss of self-esteem. Severe acne is much more difficult to treat than mild or moderate acne. It may last for years and requires aggressive treatment by a dermatologist.
People with severe acne may require a referral to a consultant dermatologist who may recommend surgery or drainage of large cysts. Be sure to get a dermatologist to handle this procedure. An intralesional injection may be given to help lessen the inflammation and scarring.
Your doctor may prescribe oral antibiotics. He or she may also prescribe oral contraception for female acne patients. Your dermatologist will monitor you during your treatment, and may also prescribe one treatment of oral isotretinoin (Accutane) that is to be taken for 16-20 weeks.